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Cardiovascular highlights from non-cardiology journals
  1. Steven M Bradley, JournalScan Editor

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Improved Atrial Fibrillation Outcomes Despite Rising Arrhythmia Prevalence

Little is known about temporal trends in atrial fibrillation (AF) incidence, prevalence, and outcomes. Using the Framingham Heart Study, Schnabel and colleagues assessed AF incidence, prevalence, and outcomes over 50 years (202,417 person-years). Researchers drew on a cohort of 9,511 participants enrolled between 1958 and 2007 in which 1,544 incident AF cases (47% women) were identified. Over the study period, age-adjusted incidence increased threefold (3.7 to 13.4 new cases per 1000 person-years in men and from 2.5 to 8.6 new cases per 1000 person-years in women) and age-adjusted prevalence increased fourfold (20.4 to 96.2 cases per 1000 person-years in men and from 13.7 to 49.4 cases per 1000 person-years in women). To mitigate lead-time bias that could result from improved methods to detect …

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