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ASSA14-12-04 Comparison of the efficacy of rosuvastatin versus atorvastatin in preventing contrast induced nephropathy in patients with chronic kidney disease undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention
  1. YH Liua,
  2. Y Liua,
  3. N Tana,
  4. JY Chena
  1. Department of Cardiology, Guangdong Cardiovascular Institute, Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences, Guangdong General Hospital, Guangzhou 510100, Guangdong, China
  1. Corresponding author: Ning Tan, MD, Department of Cardiology, Guangdong Cardiovascular Institute, Guangdong General Hospital, Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences, Guangzhou 510100, China.

Abstract

Objectives We prospectively compared the preventive effects of rosuvastatin and atorvastatin on contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).

Methods We enrolled 1078 consecutive patients with CKD undergoing elective PCI. Patients in Group 1 (n = 273) received rosuvastatin (10 mg), and those in group 2 (n = 805) received atorvastatin (20 mg). The primary end-point was the development of CIN, defined as an absolute increase in serum creatinine ≥0.5 mg/dL, or an increase ≥25% from baseline within 48–72 h after contrast medium exposure.

Results CIN was observed in 58 (5.4%) patients. The incidence of CIN was similar in patients pretreated with either rosuvastatin or atorvastatin (5.9% vs 5.2%, p = 0.684). The same results were also observed when using other definitions of CIN. Clinical and procedural characteristics did not show significant differences between the two groups (p > 0.05). Additionally, there were no significant inter-group differences with respect to in-hospital mortality rates (0.4% vs 1.5%, p = 0.141), or other in-hospital complications. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that rosuvastatin and atorvastatin demonstrated similar efficacies for preventing CIN, after adjusting for potential confounding risk factors (odds ratio = 1.17, 95% confidence interval, 0.62–2.20, p = 0.623). A Kaplan–Meier survival analysis showed that patients taking either rosuvastatin or atorvastatin had similar incidences of all-cause mortality (9.4% vs 7.1%, respectively; p = 0.290) and major adverse cardiovascular events (29.32% vs 23.14%, respectively; p = 0.135) during follow-up.

Conclusions Rosuvastatin and atorvastatin have similar efficacies for preventing CIN in patients with CKD undergoing PCI.

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