Background In an echocardiographic study investigating interventricular systolic relationship in healthy individuals, the absolute value of tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) is greater than the mitral annular plane of systolic excursion (MAPSE) by 54.5% and the MAPSE/TAPSE ratio is 0.66 ± 0.14. However, the interventricular systolic relationship has not been accurately defined in the presence of regional wall motion abnormalities. We hypothesised that the interventricular systolic relationship, measured by the ratio of averaged-MAPSE and TAPSE, changes in the presence of acute myocardial infarction (AMI).
Methods Thirty-eight patients underwent CMR at 3T (Achieva CV, Philips Healthcare, Best, The Netherlands) within 3 days following AMI. Cine and LGE imaging (16–20 min following 0.1 mmol/kg gadolinium DTPA) were performed. Infarct location was determined by location of LGE in the infarcted area. MAPSE (medial, lateral and average) and TAPSE were measured from the 4-chamber cine (Figure 1). The infarct volume was measured from LGE images by Otsu method.
Results The MAPSE/TAPSE ratio in acute-MI patients was significantly reduced compared to reported normal values (0.56 ± 0.14 vs 0.66 ± 0.14; p = 0.003). LV ejection fraction (EF) correlated most closely with averaged MAPSE (r = 0.45; p = 0.004). The interventricular systolic relationship significantly correlated with left ventricular end-diastolic indexed volume (LVEDVi) (r = −0.46; p = 0.009) and infarct volume (r = −0.36; p = 0.04).
Conclusion The ratio of averaged-MAPSE/TAPSE is significantly reduced in patients with acute-MI and correlates with infarct size. In cases where acute-MI is suspected, this parameter of interventricular systolic relationship may provide a simple additional diagnostic tool for both echocardiography and CMR assessment.
Funding JPG and SP receive a research grant from Philips Healthcare. SP is funded by British Heart Foundation fellowship (FS/10/62/28409).
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.