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Maximal intestinal absorption of digoxin, and its relation to steady state plasma concentration.
  1. B F Johnson,
  2. C Bye

    Abstract

    In a group of 8 volunteers, peak plasma digoxin concentrations and areas under 80-hour plasma concentration curves were significantly greater after 1 mg digoxin in paediatric elixir than after 4 0,25 mg tablets. Mean cumulative urinary excretion of digoxin over 12 days was 46.4 per cent after tablets, 53.6 per cent after elixir, and 70.8 per cent after intravenous injection. Mean percentage absorption was estimated to be 63 per cent from tablets and 75 per cent from elixir, but considerable between-subject variation was noted. Individual estimates of percentage absorption were significantly correlated with plasma concentrations in the steady state. Computer programmes to relate steady state plasma concentration to oral digoxin dosage take no account of absorptive capacity, are limited to gross approximations, and cannot replace determination of plasma concentration to assess the degree of digitalization.

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