The effects of the site used for atrial pacing on atrial and atrioventricular nodal conduction were assesed in 16 patients. In 13 patients, three atrial pacing sites were used: high right atrium, low lateral right atrium, and midcoronary sinus. Two recording sites were used: low septal right atrium, including His electrogram, and high right atrium. Stimulus (S) to high right atrium interval was longest with coronary sinus pacing (76 plus or minus 7 ms) (P less than 0.001), and shortes with high right atrial pacing (41 plus or minus 3 ms) (P less than 0.05). There was no significant difference in stimulus to low septal right atrium from all three pacing sites. Atrial functional and effective refractory periods were not significantly different. Mean low septal right atrium to His was significantly shorter from the coronary sinus (93 plus or minus 8 ms) (P less than 0.001), as compared to high right atrium (139 plus or minus 16 ms), and low lateral right atrium (129 plus or minus 13 ms) pacing. AV nodal functional and effective refractory periods, and the paced rate producing AV nodal Wenckebach were not significantly different when comparing the three sites. Left atrial appendage and high right atrium were similarly compared in three additional patients, and no significant differences were found in conduction times and refractory periods.
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