The efficacy of quinidine versus lidoflazine therapy was compared in the maintenance of sinus rhythm after electrical cardioversion for atrial flutter or fibrillation in a group of 35 patients. Both quinidine and lidoflazine were relatively ineffective in maintaining sinus rhythm after cardioversion. Lidoflazine was also used to prevent supraventricular and ventricular tachycardias in a miscellaneous group of patients; one of these with paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia developed runs of venttricular tachycardia soon after starting lidoflazine. The trial was stopped after 4 patients died while receiving lidoflazine, on the suspicion that their deaths may have been related to drug-induced arrhythmias. The arrhythmogenic potential of lidoflazine when used in patients with supraventricular arrhythmias constrasts with reports of its apparent safety in large numbers of patients with angina pectoris.