Clinical, radiological, electrocardiographic, haemodynamic, and cineangiographic features of left ventricular endomyocardial fibrosis are described in 8 patients seen during the 10-year period 1965-1975. Exertional dyspnoea was the commonest presenting symptom. Mild to moderate cardiomegaly was often present. The apex beat was never forcible. A loud third heart sound over the apex and an apical early systolic murmur with late systolic decresendo were characteristic of this desease. Chest X-rays films showed left atrial enlargement and pulmonary venous congestion. A pronounced rise in left ventricular end-diastolic pressure, severe pulmonary hypertension, and low cardiac index were seen in 6. Ventriculography showed an irregular, poorly contracting left ventricle with areas of dyskinesis and large end-systolic volume. Mitral regurgitation, when present, was not severe.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.