An early diastolic murmur thought to indicate functional aortic regurgitation was heard in 7 of 74 consecutive patients with end-stage renal failure assessed for chronic intermittent haemodialysis and transplantation. In all 7 cases the murmur was transient and related to episodes of hypertension and fluid overload and disappeared on correction of these factors. In a further 2 patients aortic regurgitation resulted from a structural abnormality of the aortic valve. Thus, an early diastolic murmur is not uncommon in this situation and does not necessarily indicate organic aortic valve disease which might preclude selection for haemodialysis and transplantation.
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