The effect of permanent pacing on chronic complete atrioventricular block complicated by cardiac failure was studied in 6 patients by measurement of indirect left atrial pressure 15 minutes after institution of pacing and again 3 to 12 months later. In addition, 21 patients with complete heart block and clinical plus radiological evidence of cardiac failure at the time of pacing 3 to 6 years earlier were also reviewed. Only 1 of 6 patients studied haemodynamically improved and 1 died in cardiac failure. Of 21 patients assessed clinically, 10 had improved and 8 had died after a mean follow-up of 53 months. In the absence of syncope, pacing was of little symptomatic benefit but still may be justified to prolong survival. Both studies indicated a particularly poor prognosis for patients known to have coronary artery disease. No reliable means were found of determining the prognosis in the individual patient with cardiac failure before pacing.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.