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Patterns of atrial activation during right ventricular pacing in patients with concealed left-sided Kent pathways.
  1. D E Ward,
  2. A J Camm,
  3. R A Spurrell

    Abstract

    A 'concealed' accessory pathway was suspected in 12 patients because of eccentric left atrial activation during tachycardia. Retrograde conduction during ventricular pacing may occur over the atrioventricular node, the accessory pathway, or both. There were 4 patterns of ventriculoatrial conduction in response to ventricular extrastimuli (V2) at various coupling intervals: (1) exclusive accessory pathway conduction throughout the cardiac cycle in 2 patients; (2) exclusive accessory pathway conduction at long coupling intervals and exclusive atrioventricular node conduction at short coupling intervals in 2 patients; (3) variably fused accessory pathway/atrioventricular node conduction at long coupling intervals but exclusive accessory pathway conduction at short coupling intervals in 4 patients; (4) fused accessory pathway/atrioventricular node conduction at long coupling intervals but exclusive atrioventricular node conduction at short coupling intervals in 4 patients. With increased prematurity of V2 the ventricle to right atrial interval prolonged conspicuously in 11 of 12 patients whereas the ventricle to left atrial interval remained constant until the refractory period of the accessory pathway in all but 2 instances where intraventricular delay occurred. This study emphasises the importance of left atrial recordings in these patients.

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