Article Text


Permanent cardiac pacing using anterior pectoral veins.
  1. A G Arnold


    We have used the anterior pectoral veins for inserting permanent transvenous cardiac pacemaker electrodes in 260 patients. Though this route is used in other centres it has not been published. We found it to be a reliable alternative to the more usual routes of pacemaker insertion, with a combined perforation and displacement rate of 9.6 per cent. We describe this technique of electrode insertion and compare the complication rates with those of other routes of implantation used in our department. All of the pacemaker implantations in this study were performed by doctors in the cardiology department, with no specialist surgical training.

    Statistics from

    Request permissions

    If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.