Twenty-six patients (21 men and five women) with a mean age of 54.8 years have been reinvestigated nine to 62 months (mean 29.7) after left ventricular aneurysmectomy. Preoperatively left ventricular angiography disclosed an anterior aneurysm in all cases, which was large in 15 (57%) and small to medium in 11 (42%). At follow-up a large residual aneurysm was found in five (19%), a small to medium one in 13 (50%), and akinesia without aneurysm in eight (31%). The sum of ST elevation (sigma ST) in praecordial leads in the electrocardiogram was reduced from a mean value of 11.2 mm to 7.7 mm. In no patient did ST segments return to normal after operation. Preoperatively, mean sigma ST was identical in patients with large and with small to medium aneurysms. At reinvestigation mean sigma ST was identical in patients with large and with small to medium residual aneurysms as well as in patients with akinesia. Left ventricular end-diastolic pressure before angiography was reduced from a mean value of 21.5 mm to 15.1 mmHg and after angiography from 26.7 mm to 21.1 mmHg. Progression of coronary artery stenoses was a characteristic finding in patients whose left ventricular end-diastolic pressures did not return to normal. These patients had a longer follow-up time than those with no progression of coronary disease, who all showed an improvement in left ventricular end-diastolic pressure. Six patients who had coronary bypass grafting performed had unchanged left ventricular end-diastolic pressures at follow-up. The results indicate that progression of coronary artery disease may be responsible for an eventual further deterioration in left ventricular function after aneurysmectomy. Additional bypass grafting did not result in improved left ventricular function.