This study was undertaken to evaluate the cardiac dimensions and various indices of myocardial function, determined by echocardiography, in a group of 12 infants with congenital hypothyroidism. Left ventricular systolic and diastolic dimensions, posterior wall thickness, enddiastolic and systolic volumes were all significantly lower in the hypothyroid infants compared with 25 normal infants of the same age. No pericardial effusion was found. Hypothyroid infant had a lower heart rate with a reduced cardiac output. The mean velocity of circumferential fibre shortening and the shortening fraction of the left ventricle were normal. The pre-ejection period of the left ventricle (PEP), however, was abnormally prolonged as well as the ratio PEP over left ventricular ejection time (PEP/ET). This ratio correlated inversely with the end-diastolic volume, suggesting that the increased PEP/ET could be partly the result of decreased preload.