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Br Heart J 51:539-544 doi:10.1136/hrt.51.5.539
  • Research Article

Development of congestive heart failure after treatment with metoprolol in acute myocardial infarction.

Abstract

In a double blind study of metoprolol in the treatment of suspected acute myocardial infarction 698 patients (study group) received metoprolol and 697 a placebo (control group). Metoprolol was given in an intravenous dose of 15 mg as soon as possible after admission to hospital followed by 50 g by mouth four times a day for two days and thereafter 100 mg twice a day for three months. A placebo was similarly given. Congestive heart failure occurred in a similar percentage of patients in both the study (27%) and the control groups (30%). Its severity was estimated by calculating the total dose of frusemide given during the first four days in hospital. Less frusemide was given to patients treated with metoprolol compared with those given a placebo in the total series. An appreciably lower total dose of frusemide was given to patients included in the trial less than or equal to 12 hours after the onset of pain and treated with metoprolol compared with a placebo, while no difference was seen among patients treated later. The initial heart rate, systolic blood pressure, and infarct site affected the results.