Thirty two children (aged 5-19 years) with no clinical evidence of significant cardiovascular disease undertook continuous staged supine exercise on a bicycle ergometer. Multigated radionuclide ventriculography was performed at rest and during each exercise stage. Exercise duration and total workload both increased with age. Aerobic work correlated better with age than did total work. In most children the ejection fraction for both ventricles increased by at least 5% with exercise. Right ventricular ejection fraction did not decrease with exercise in any subject but left ventricular ejection fraction decreased by 2% and 9% in two. The response of end diastolic volume to exercise was variable, but there was a consistent decrease in mean (SD) end systolic volume of the left (29(22)%) and right (30(19)%) ventricles. Cardiac index (mean (SD)) increased by 234(65)% with exercise. The left ventricular:right ventricular end diastolic volume ratio (mean (SD)) at rest was 1.26(0.26). It is concluded that exercise radionuclide ventriculography is an excellent technique for a combined assessment of exercise capacity and an evaluation of ventricular size and performance in children. These values for supine bicycle exercise in children without significant cardiovascular disease will be useful for future comparisons with other groups.