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Inducible multiform ventricular tachycardia in Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome.
  1. B Brembilla-Perrot,
  2. A Terrier de la Chaise,
  3. K Isaaz,
  4. F Marçon,
  5. F Cherrier,
  6. C Pernot

    Abstract

    The induction of ventricular tachycardia by ventricular stimulation was investigated in 46 patients with isolated Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome (10 concealed) and 36 control patients with normal electrocardiograms and conduction systems. None of those studied had spontaneous ventricular arrhythmias or myocardial or valve disease. Single and double ventricular extrastimuli were delivered at 3 cycle lengths (sinus, 600 ms, 400 ms). In the controls ventricular simulation induced one episode (3%) of non-sustained ventricular tachycardia. Ventricular stimulation in patients with Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome induced two episodes of ventricular fibrillation and 15 episodes of non-sustained multiform ventricular tachycardia (37%). Ventricular arrhythmias were induced only in patients with overt Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome. In 14 patients the conformation of the electrocardiogram at the start of ventricular tachycardia resembled that of major pre-excitation. The absence of inducible ventricular tachycardia in patients with concealed Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome suggests that anterograde conduction via an atrioventricular accessory pathway is required to initiate the ventricular arrhythmias: the ventricular tachycardia may be associated with reentry of impulses via atrioventricular connection during the phase of ventricular vulnerability. The similarity between the start of ventricular tachycardia and pre-excitatory complexes may also indicate local reentry into the ventricular area occupied by the bypass tracts. Patients with Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome and anterograde pre-excitation are more likely to have inducible multiform ventricular tachycardia than individuals without Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome.

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