Article Text


Mirror image arrangement of the abdominal organs with a left-sided morphologically normal heart.
  1. L V Sacks,
  2. I R Rifkin
  1. Department of Internal Medicine, One Military Hospital, Voortrekkerhoogte, South Africa.


    A twenty year old man is described who has a left-sided liver, a single right-sided spleen, an anomalous inferior vena cava with azygos continuation, and a morphologically normal left-sided heart. These findings emphasise the pitfalls in predicting cardiac abnormalities from other aberrations of anatomical situs.

    Statistics from

    Request permissions

    If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.