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Cardiac conduction abnormalities and rhythm changes after neonatal anatomical correction of transposition of the great arteries.
  1. S Menahem,
  2. M S Ranjit,
  3. C Stewart,
  4. W J Brawn,
  5. R B Mee,
  6. J L Wilkinson
  1. Department of Cardiology and Cardiac Surgery, Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia.

    Abstract

    Seventy three infants who underwent neonatal anatomical correction for transposition of the great arteries with or without a ventricular septal defect were reviewed for evidence of conduction and rhythm abnormalities on preoperative and postoperative 12 lead electrocardiograms and during 24 hour Holter monitoring. There was a partial right bundle branch block pattern in 47% (29/62) of all patients and in 60% (24/40) of those with simple transposition. Complete right bundle branch block was noted in 21% including 5% with simple transposition. Holter monitoring showed sinus rhythm in all patients except three: one had episodes of supraventricular tachycardia, another an intermittent second degree heart block, and a third a complete heart block. Atrial extrasystoles were noted in 47% (29/62) of patients but were frequent in only three patients. Occasional unifocal ventricular extrasystoles were encountered in 37% (23/62) of patients and were frequent in a further 3% (2/62). Only one patient (2%) developed multifocal ventricular extrasystoles. The frequency of important cardiac arrhythmias after neonatal anatomical correction of transposition of the great arteries was 5%, significantly less than that reported after atrial inflow diversion for the same malformation.

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