Article Text


Use of casts in the necropsy diagnosis of fetal congenital heart disease
  1. Andrew C Cook,
  2. Nuala L K Fagg,
  3. Lindsey D Allan
  1. Department of Pathology, Guy's Hospital London
  2. Department of Fetal Cardiology, Guy's Hospital, London


    Objective—To evaluate a casting technique in the interpretation of fetal cardiac anatomy.

    Design—In 32 fetuses, the echocardiographic and cast features were compared and correlated.

    Patients—Three normal fetal heart specimens from spontaneous abortuses and 32 specimens from spontaneous or induced abortions with congenital heart malformation.

    Results—There was close correlation between the echocardiographic and anatomical features in 32 abnormal fetuses studied. In some, additional features of diagnosis could be displayed on the cast and the relative sizes of the cardiac structures could be appreciated and defined.

    Conclusions—With increasing echocardiographic detection of congenital heart disease in early prenatal life, an increasing number of fetal heart specimens of small size are dissected for pathological confirmation. The use of silicone rubber casts to reproduce the internal anatomy proved a useful addition to dissection, providing a three dimensional model of the cardiac defect.

    Statistics from

    Request permissions

    If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.