A 31 year old man presented with a left hilar mass. Thoracic tomography showed this mass to be the pulmonary artery, and subsequently idiopathic dilatation of the pulmonary artery was diagnosed. He remained well until 11 years later when he died suddenly. Postmortem examination confirmed idiopathic dilatation of the pulmonary artery with death due to pulmonary artery dissection and cardiac tamponade. It seems likely that idiopathic dilatation of the pulmonary artery predisposed to fatal pulmonary artery dissection.
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