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Prognostic significance of N-terminal pro-atrial natriuretic factor (1-98) in acute myocardial infarction: comparison with atrial natriuretic factor (99-126) and clinical evaluation.
  1. T Omland,
  2. V V Bonarjee,
  3. D W Nilsen,
  4. J A Sundsfjord,
  5. R T Lie,
  6. G Thibault,
  7. K Dickstein
  1. Medical Department, Central Hospital, Norway.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE--To evaluate the prognostic significance of plasma N-terminal pro-atrial natriuretic factor (1-98) concentrations measured in the subacute phase after acute myocardial infarction, and to compare the predictive value of measurement of N-terminal pro-atrial natriuretic factor (1-98) with the measurement of atrial natriuretic factor (99-126) and with clinical assessment of the degree of heart failure. DESIGN--Prospective observational. SETTING--Norwegian central hospital. PATIENTS--139 patients (mean (SD) age 66.9 (11.1) years, 71.2% males) with acute myocardial infarction. Patients in cardiogenic shock or with severe heart failure (New York Heart Association class IV) were excluded. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE--Cardiovascular death within 12 months. RESULTS--During the follow up period 15 patients died. In a univariate Cox proportional hazards model N-terminal pro-atrial natriuretic factor (1-98) was significantly related to mortality (p = 0.0003). In a multivariate model the prognostic value of N-terminal pro-atrial natriuretic factor (1-98) was better than that of atrial natriuretic factor (99-126) and clinical assessment of heart failure (N-terminal pro-atrial natriuretic factor (1-98), p = 0.0003; atrial natriuretic factor (99-126), p = 0.4513; heart failure, p = 0.0719). The odds ratio estimate of patients in whom plasma concentrations of N-terminal pro-atrial natriuretic factor (1-98) were greater than 2000 pmol/l was 25 (95% confidence interval 2.8-225.0) compared with patients with plasma concentrations less than 1000 pmol/l. CONCLUSIONS--These results suggest that determination of plasma N-terminal pro-atrial natriuretic factor (1-98) in the subacute phase of myocardial infarction may provide clinically relevant prognostic information that is superior to that obtained from atrial natriuretic factor (99-126) measurements and clinical evaluation.

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