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Wegener's granulomatosis and the heart.
  1. S. C. Grant,
  2. R. D. Levy,
  3. M. C. Venning,
  4. C. Ward,
  5. N. H. Brooks
  1. Department of Cardiology, Wythenshawe Hospital, Manchester.

    Abstract

    Three cases of Wegener's granulomatosis with cardiac complications are described and the relevant published reports are reviewed. The first case of Wegener's granulomatosis was associated with aortic regurgitation and required aortic valve replacement. The second and third cases were associated with pericardial disease requiring pericardiectomy for constructive pericarditis in one case, and haemorrhagic pericarditis with pericardial effusion in the other. Aortic valve involvement in Wegener's granulomatosis is uncommon and valve replacement has been described on only one previous occasion. Pericardial involvement is relatively common pathologically, but pericardial surgery has been described in this condition only twice, once for tamponade and once for constrictive pericarditis after pericardiocentesis. Cardiac involvement is not uncommon in patients with Wegner's granulomatosis and may be clinically important. Diagnosis is aided by estimation of the anti-neutophil cytoplasmic antibody titre.

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