OBJECTIVES--A combined atrial and arterial switch procedure was performed in selected patients with congenitally corrected transposition to establish the morphological left ventricle as the systemic ventricle. Immediate and early follow up results are presented. BACKGROUND--Progressive right ventricular dysfunction and tricuspid regurgitation are common in patients with congenitally corrected transposition who undergo repair of associated lesions. A surgical procedure which re-establishes the left ventricle as the systemic ventricle should improve functional results. METHODS--Four symptomatic children aged from 9 months to 3 years 1 month (mean 2 years 3 months) with congenitally corrected transposition and ventricular septal defect underwent both an atrial and arterial switch procedure and were followed up for a mean of 12 months (range 6-21 months). RESULTS--There were no early or late deaths. Conduction abnormalities worsened in two patients. Hospital stay ranged from 8 to 17 days (mean 13 days). The cardiothoracic ratio decreased from a mean (range) of 0.65 (0.6 to 0.71) to 0.58 (0.52 to 0.6). Currently, three patients are in functional class I and one child is in functional class II. CONCLUSIONS--The combination of an atrial and an arterial switch procedure in symptomatic children with congenitally corrected transposition establishes the left ventricle as the systemic ventricle. The initial experience is encouraging with excellent immediate and early follow up results.