Article Text

PDF

Transient giant negative T wave in acute anterior myocardial infarction predicts R wave recovery and preservation of left ventricular function.
  1. H. Agetsuma,
  2. M. Hirai,
  3. H. Hirayama,
  4. A. Suzuki,
  5. C. Takanaka,
  6. S. Yabe,
  7. H. Inagaki,
  8. F. Takatsu,
  9. H. Hayashi,
  10. H. Saito
  1. First Department of Internal Medicine, University of Nagoya School of Medicine, Japan.

    Abstract

    OBJECTIVE: To investigate the value of a giant negative T wave (> or = 1.0 mV) in precordial leads of 12-lead electrocardiograms in the acute phase of Q wave myocardial infarction as a predictor of myocardial salvage. METHODS: Coronary angiographic and electrocardiographic findings, left ventricular ejection fraction in the chronic stage, and levels of cardiac enzymes were compared in patients with myocardial infarction with (group GNT, n = 31) and without (group N, n = 20) a giant negative T wave. GNT patients were divided into two subgroups according to the presence (GNT:R[+], n = 10) or absence (GNT: R[-], n = 21) of R wave recovery with an amplitude > or = 0.1 mV in at least one lead that had shown Q waves. RESULTS: The maximum level of creatine kinase and the total creatine kinase were lower in group GNT compared with group N (P < 0.05). The left ventricular ejection fraction was higher in group GNT than in group N (P < 0.05). The maximum creatine kinase and total creatine kinase were lower in GNT:R(+) than in GNT:R(-) (P < 0.01). The left ventricular ejection fraction was higher in GNT:R(+) than in GNT:R(-) (P < 0.01). The frequency of R wave recovery was significantly higher when giant negative T waves appeared within 100 h of myocardial infarction or when the maximum potential was > or = 1.4 mV. The appearance of a giant negative T wave > or = 1.4 mV had a sensitivity of 90%, a specificity of 71.4%, a diagnostic accuracy of 77.4%, a positive predictive value of 60%, and a negative predictive value of 93.8% for prediction of R wave recovery. CONCLUSIONS: The appearance of a giant negative T wave, especially within 100 h of the onset of myocardial infarction, with a maximum potential of > or = 1.4 mV, may predict a reappearance of the R wave and a better left ventricular function in patients in the chronic stage of anterior myocardial infarction.

    Statistics from Altmetric.com

    Request permissions

    If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.