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Prognostic value of troponin T, myoglobin, and CK-MB mass in patients presenting with chest pain without acute myocardial infarction.
  1. R. J. de Winter,
  2. R. W. Koster,
  3. J. H. Schotveld,
  4. A. Sturk,
  5. J. P. van Straalen,
  6. G. T. Sanders
  1. Department of Cardiology, Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam, Netherlands.

    Abstract

    OBJECTIVE: To assess the prognostic value of minor myocardial damage in patients presenting with chest pain without myocardial infarction. DESIGN: The relative risk of suffering a cardiac event in the next six months was assessed in patients with minor myocardial damage assessed by the cardiac markers CK-MB, myoglobin, and troponin T. SETTING: Emergency department of a large university hospital. PATIENTS: In 128 consecutive patients with chest pain, acute myocardial infarction (by WHO criteria) was ruled out; of these, 39 had a rise and fall of one or more markers, indicating minor myocardial damage. The presence of a documented history of coronary artery disease was assessed on admission. RESULTS: 24 patients had a subsequent event (cardiac death, acute myocardial infarction, percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty, coronary artery bypass grafting) in the next six months. An abnormal troponin T predicted a subsequent event while abnormal CK-MB or myoglobin did not. The relative risk for troponin T was 2.8 (95% confidence interval: 1.0 to 7.9), for myoglobin 1.0 (0.3 to 3.2), and for CK-MB 0.9 (0.2 to 3.4). A documented history of coronary artery disease predicted subsequent events with a relative risk of 3.9 (1.3 to 11.3). CONCLUSIONS: Troponin T was the only marker that predicted future events, but a documented history of coronary artery disease was the best predictor in patients in whom an acute myocardial infarction had been ruled out.

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