OBJECTIVE: To assess whether catheter ablation of fascicular tachycardia can be facilitated by the recording of sharp deflections arising from the mid-septum---inferior apical septum of the left ventricle. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Seven consecutive patients (mean age 29 (range 16-43) years) with ventricular tachycardia originating from the left posterior fascicle underwent electrophysiology study and detailed mapping of endocardial activation. Selection of ablation sites in the last five patients was based on the recording, during left posterior fascicular tachycardia and sinus rhythm, of a discrete potential preceding the earliest ventricular electrogram, which was thought to represent conduction through the posterior fascicle. RESULTS: Patients were treated with low energy direct current or radiofrequency current ablation. The median fluoroscopy and procedure times were 23 (range 6-42) min and 110 (range 50-176) min, respectively. In a follow up period of 4 to 16 months, six patients were asymptomatic and one had minor symptoms. No patient had any change in intraventricular conduction. Similar potentials were also recorded from the left posterobasal septum in three of eight patients who underwent catheter ablation of left free wall accessory pathways. CONCLUSION: Fascicular potentials can be reproducibly recorded in left posterior fascicular tachycardia and may serve as a reliable marker for successful ablation procedures. The relation of these potentials with the substrate of the tachycardia, however, remains obscure.