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Wide complex tachycardia with atrioventricular dissociation and QRS morphology identical to that of sinus rhythm: a manifestation of bundle branch reentry.
  1. G. Oreto,
  2. J. L. Smeets,
  3. L. M. Rodriguez,
  4. C. Timmermans,
  5. H. J. Wellens
  1. Department of Cardiology, Academic Hospital, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

    Abstract

    OBJECTIVE: To determine the features that distinguish bundle branch reentry (BBR) ventricular tachycardia from a supraventricular tachycardia with aberration on the 12 lead electrocardiogram (ECG). PATIENTS: Three patients in whom premature beats (2 cases) or sustained tachycardia (2 cases) showed a QRS configuration identical to that observed during sinus rhythm. INTERVENTIONS: Programmed electrical stimulation. RESULTS: These arrhythmias were ventricular in origin and caused by a BBR mechanism, as suggested by the following data obtained during electrophysiological study: (a) an H-V interval shorter during tachycardia than during sinus rhythm; (b) A-V dissociation; (c) activation of the right bundle branch before activation of the bundle of His. The ECG of all 3 patients showed right bundle branch block with very prolonged QRS duration (0.16 to 0.20 s). Characteristically, all 3 had prolonged H-V interval during sinus rhythm. All patients had had a previous myocardial infarction and had a dilated left ventricle. CONCLUSION: The presence of (a) wide complex extrasystoles or tachycardia with a QRS morphology identical to that of sinus rhythm; (b) A-V dissociation; and (c) a very prolonged QRS duration (0.16 s or more) is suggestive of ventricular tachycardia caused by bundle branch reentry.

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