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Relation between ST segment elevation during dobutamine stress test and myocardial viability after a recent myocardial infarction.
  1. A. Elhendy,
  2. J. H. Cornel,
  3. J. R. Roelandt,
  4. R. T. van Domburg,
  5. M. I. Geleijnse,
  6. P. R. Nierop,
  7. J. J. Bax,
  8. A. Sciarra,
  9. M. M. Ibrahim,
  10. M. el-Refaee,
  11. G. M. el-Said,
  12. P. M. Fioretti
  1. Thoraxcenter, University Hospital Rotterdam-Dijkzigt, Erasmus University, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

    Abstract

    OBJECTIVE: To assess the relation between ST segment elevation during the dobutamine stress test and late improvement of function after acute Q wave myocardial infarction. PATIENTS AND DESIGN: 70 patients were studied a mean (SD) 8 (3) days after acute myocardial infarction with high dose dobutamine-atropine stress echocardiography and a follow up echocardiogram at 85 (10) days. A score model based on 16 segments and four grades was used to assess left ventricular function. Functional improvement was defined as a reduction of wall motion score > or = 1 in > or = 1 segments at follow up. INTERVENTION: Myocardial revascularisation was performed in 23 patients (33%) before follow up studies. RESULTS: ST segment elevation occurred in 40 patients (57%). Late functional improvement occurred in 35 patients (50%). Functional improvement was more common in patients with ST segment elevation (68% v 30%, P < 0.005) and they had a higher mean (SD) number of improved segments at follow up (1.9 (2.2) v 0.5 (1.1), P < 0.005). The wall motion score index decreased between baseline and follow up in patients with ST segment elevation (1.54 (0.50) v 1.48 (0.43), P < 0.05) but not in patients without ST segment elevation (1.39 (0.60) v 1.45 (0.47)). The accuracy of ST segment elevation for the prediction of functional improvement was similar to that of low dose dobutamine echocardiography in patients with anterior infarction (80% v 83%) and in patients who underwent revascularisation (78% v 83% respectively). CONCLUSION: In patients with a recent Q wave myocardial infarction, dobutamine-induced ST segment elevation is a valuable marker of myocardial viability particularly when the test is performed without or with suboptimal echocardiographic imaging.

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