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Left ventricular atrioventricular plane displacement: an echocardiographic technique for rapid assessment of prognosis in heart failure.
  1. R. Willenheimer,
  2. C. Cline,
  3. L. Erhardt,
  4. B. Israelsson
  1. Department of Cardiology, Malmö University Hospital, Lund University, Sweden.

    Abstract

    OBJECTIVE: To assess the prognostic value of atrioventricular plane displacement in heart failure patients. DESIGN: Patients were followed prospectively for one year after atrioventricular plane displacement determination. SETTING: Malmö University Hospital, with a primary catchment area of 250,000 inhabitants. PATIENTS: 181 patients with a clinical diagnosis of heart failure; age 75.7 (SD 5.2) years, duration of heart failure 2.7 (5.7) years; 100 men, 81 women. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Mortality in relation to atrioventricular plane displacement. RESULTS: Total mortality was 22.7% (41/181), and was highly significantly (P = 0.001) related to atrioventricular plane displacement. Mortality within prospectively defined categories of displacement was: > or = 10.0 mm, 0% (0/19); 8.2 to 9.9 mm, 10.3% (3/29); 6.4 to 8.1 mm, 19.4% (12/62); and < 6.4 mm, 36.6% (26/71). The groups were similar in age, sex, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor and beta blocker treatment, and cause and duration of heart failure. CONCLUSIONS: Mortality in heart failure is strongly related to atrioventricular plane displacement.

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