Myocardial “hybrid” revascularisation with minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass grafting combined with coronary angioplasty: preliminary results of a multicentre study
- T Wittwera,
- J Cremerb,
- P Boonstrac,
- J Grandjeanc,
- M Marianic,
- A Mügged,
- H Drexlerd,
- P den Heijere,
- E-R v Leitnerf,
- A Heppg,
- M Wehrh,
- A Havericha
- aDepartment of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, Hannover Medical School, Carl-Neuberg-Strasse 1, 30625 Hannover, Germany, bDepartment of Cardiac and Vascular Surgery, University of Kiel, Germany, cThorax Center, University Hospital Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands, dDepartment of Cardiology, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany, eDepartment of Cardiology, University Hospital Groningen, fDepartment of Cardiology, Krankenhaus Siloah, Hannover, Germany, gDepartment of Cardiology, Vinzenzkrankenhaus, Hannover, Germany, hDepartment of Cardiology, Augusta- Kranken-Anstalt, Bochum, Germany
- Dr Wittwer email:
- Accepted 17 July 1999
OBJECTIVE To expand the benefits of the minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass (MIDCAB) concept to patients with multivessel disease, a hybrid procedure combining surgical revascularisation of the left anterior descending artery with interventional procedures for additional coronary lesions has recently been introduced. Preliminary results in patients undergoing this hybrid procedure are presented.
DESIGN AND PATIENTS Since December 1996, 35 patients (29 male, 6 female, mean (SD) age 56.7 (17) years) underwent a hybrid revascularisation performed as a primary MIDCAB procedure for grafting of the left anterior descending artery with the left internal mammary artery, followed by staged angioplasty and stenting of additional coronary lesions.
RESULTS After MIDCAB grafting the postoperative course was uneventful in all patients. Coronary reangiography after a median of seven days revealed patent and functioning left internal mammary artery grafts in all patients. Applying subsequent percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty and occasional stenting (n = 14), a total of 47 lesions were treated successfully. Procedure related complications did not occur. All patients remained free from angina and no stress ECG changes were recorded.
CONCLUSIONS The preliminary results of this hybrid approach to myocardial revascularisation suggest that this is a safe and effective procedure for complete revascularisation in selected patients with multivessel disease. Elderly and reoperative patients with significant comorbidity may benefit especially from such hybrid procedures by avoiding cardiopulmonary bypass and mid sternotomy.
- hybrid revascularisation
- minimally invasive cardiac surgery
- interventional treatment
- multivessel revascularisation