Inequalities in coronary revascularisation during the 1990s: evidence from the British regional heart study
- 1Department of Primary Care and Population Sciences, Royal Free and University College Medical School, London, UK
- 2Department of Community Health Sciences, St George’s Hospital Medical School, London, UK
- Correspondence to:
Dr Richard W Morris
Department of Primary Care and Population Sciences, Royal Free and University College Medical School, London NW3 2PF, UK;
- Accepted 14 May 2004
Objective: To investigate the influence of age and social circumstances on probability of revascularisation among British men.
Design: Prospective population based study
Setting: 24 medium sized British towns, none of which contained a hospital undertaking coronary artery bypass surgery.
Subjects: 5814 surviving participants of the BRHS (British regional heart study), aged 52–73 years, with no history of revascularisation when responding to a questionnaire in November 1992.
Main outcomes: Incident coronary revascularisations, as documented in general practitioner records, over the following 7.1 years and coronary angiography investigations reported by men in a further questionnaire in November 1996.
Results: 160 men underwent at least one revascularisation during this period (4.2/1000 person-years). In multifactorial analysis, which included adjustment for incidence of major coronary heart disease or angina, a lower incidence of revascularisation was found among men aged over 65 years in November 1992 (hazard ratio 0.62, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.44 to 0.87), among men with manual occupations (0.73, 95% CI 0.53 to 1.02), among men living in households possessing no car (0.44, 95% CI 0.24 to 0.80) or one car (0.60, 95% CI 0.42 to 0.87) compared with two or more cars, among council tenants (0.49, 95% CI 0.25 to 0.97), and among men living outside southern England (0.71, 95% CI 0.51 to 0.99). Only car ownership was related to the incidence of diagnostic angiography: the odds ratio for angiography for those owning fewer than two cars was 0.62 (95% CI 0.42 to 0.89).
Conclusion: During the 1990s, there were major inequalities in the probability of undergoing coronary revascularisation between British men according to socioeconomic status, age, and geographic location.
- BRHS, British regional heart study
- CI, confidence interval
- Q1, questionnaire completed at the start of the study
- Q92, follow up questionnaire completed in November 1992