Objective: To study the effects of closure of interatrial communications associated with a right to left shunt in patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) who had a biventricular repair.
Design: Retrospective study.
Setting: Tertiary referral centre.
Patients: 15 patients with CHD with right to left shunt through an interatrial communication: three had repaired tetralogy of Fallot, five had repaired pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum, four had Ebstein’s disease, and three had other CHDs. Two patients had had a stroke before closure of the interatrial communication.
Interventions: Percutaneous atrial septal defect (n = 6) or persistent foramen ovale (n = 9) closure. All patients underwent an exercise test before and after interatrial communication closure.
Results: Five patients were cyanotic at rest. During exercise, mean (SD) oxygen saturation diminished from 93.9 (3.8)% to 84.3 (4.8)% (p < 0.05). Interatrial communication closure led to an immediate increase of oxygen saturation from 93.9 (3.8)% to 98.6 (1.6)% (p < 0.05). At a median follow up of three years (range 0.5–5) all but one patient with a residual atrial septal defect had normal oxygen saturation at rest and during exercise. Maximum workload increased from 7.2 (1.9) to 9.0 (2.2) metabolic equivalents (p < 0.001).
Conclusions: Percutaneous closure of interatrial communications associated with a right to left shunt allows restoration of normal oxygen saturation at rest, avoidance of desaturation during exercise, and improvement of exercise performance in patients with CHD.
- ASD, atrial septal defect
- CHD, congenital heart disease
- METs, metabolic equivalents
- PFO, persistent foramen ovale
- cardiac catheterisation
- atrial septal defect
- persistent foramen ovale
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Published Online First 3 November 2005