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Acute coronary syndromes
Coronary microvascular dysfunction after myocardial infarction: increased coronary zero flow pressure both in the infarcted and in the remote myocardium is mainly related to left ventricular filling pressure
  1. P L Van Herck1,
  2. S G Carlier2,
  3. M J Claeys1,
  4. S E Haine1,
  5. P Gorissen1,
  6. H Miljoen1,
  7. J M Bosmans1,
  8. C J Vrints1
  1. 1
    Department of Cardiology, Antwerp University Hospital, Edegem, Belgium
  2. 2
    Cardiovascular Research Foundation, New York, New York, USA
  1. Dr P L Van Herck, Department of Cardiology, Antwerp University Hospital, Wilrijkstraat 10, 2650 Edegem, Belgium; paul.van.herck{at}uza.be

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the underlying mechanisms of a decreased coronary flow reserve after myocardial infarction (MI) by analysing the characteristics of the diastolic hyperaemic coronary pressure–flow relationship.

Design: Prospective study.

Setting: Tertiary care hospital.

Patients: 68 patients with a recent MI and 27 patients with stable angina pectoris (AP; control group).

Main outcome measures: The intercept with the pressure axis (the zero flow pressure or Pzf) and slope index of the pressure–flow relationship (SIPF) were calculated from the simultaneously recorded hyperaemic intracoronary blood flow velocity and aortic pressure after successful coronary stenting.

Results: A stepwise increase in Pzf from AP (14.6 (8.0) mm Hg), over non-Q-wave MI (22.5 (9.1) mm Hg), to Q-wave MI (37.1 (12.9) mm Hg; p<0.001) was observed. Similar changes in Pzf were found in a reference artery perfusing the non-infarcted myocardium. Multivariate analysis showed that in both regions the left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP) was the most important determinant of the Pzf. The SIPF was not statistically different in the treated vessel between patients with MI and AP, but was increased in MI patients with a markedly increased LVEDP.

Conclusions: After an MI, the coronary pressure–flow relationship is shifted to the right both in the infarcted and in the non-infarcted remote myocardium, as shown by the increased Pzf. The correlation with Pzf suggests that elevated left ventricular filling pressures contribute to the impediment of myocardial perfusion in patients with infarction.

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Footnotes

  • PLVH is a PhD Fellow of the Research Foundation—Flanders (Fonds voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek—Vlaanderen, Egmontstraat 5, 1000 Brussels, Belgium).

  • Competing interests: None.

  • Abbreviations:
    AP
    angina pectoris
    CFR
    coronary flow reserve
    LVEDP
    left ventricular end-diastolic pressure
    MI
    myocardial infarction
    Pzf
    zero flow pressure
    SIPF
    slope index of the pressure–flow relationship

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