Article Text

PDF
Cardiovascular surgery
Clinical value of multidetector CT coronary angiography as a preoperative screening test before non-coronary cardiac surgery
  1. V Russo1,
  2. V Gostoli1,
  3. L Lovato1,
  4. M Montalti1,
  5. A Marzocchi2,
  6. G Gavelli1,
  7. A Branzi2,
  8. R Di Bartolomeo3,
  9. R Fattori1
  1. 1
    Cardiovascular Department, Unit of Cardiovascular Radiology, University Hospital S. Orsola, Bologna, Italy
  2. 2
    Cardiovascular Department, Unit of Cardiology, University Hospital S. Orsola, Bologna, Italy
  3. 3
    Cardiovascular Department, Unit of Cardiac Surgery, University Hospital S. Orsola, Bologna, Italy
  1. Rossella Fattori, Cardiovascular Department, Cardiovascular Radiology Unit, University Hospital S. Orsola, Padiglione 21, Via Massarenti 9, 40138 Bologna, Italy; rossella.fattori{at}unibo.it

Abstract

Objective: Myocardial scintigraphy and/or conventional angiography (CA) are often performed before cardiac surgery in an attempt to identify unsuspected coronary artery disease which might result in significant cardiac morbidity and mortality. Multidetector CT coronary angiography (MDCTCA) has a recognised high negative predictive value and may provide a non-invasive alternative in this subset of patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical value of MDCTCA as a preoperative screening test in candidates for non-coronary cardiac surgery.

Methods: 132 patients underwent MDCTCA (Somatom Sensation 16 Cardiac, Siemens) in the assessment of the cardiac risk profile before surgery. Coronary arteries were screened for ⩾50% stenosis. Patients without significant stenosis (Group 1) underwent surgery without any adjunctive screening tests while all patients with coronary lesions ⩾50% at MDCTCA (Group 2) underwent CA.

Results: 16 patients (12.1%) were excluded due to poor image quality. 72 patients without significant coronary stenosis at MDCTCA were submitted to surgery. 30 out of 36 patients with significant (⩾50%) coronary stenosis at MDCTCA and CA underwent adjunctive bypass surgery or coronary angioplasty. In 8 patients, MDCTCA overestimated the severity of the coronary lesions (>50% MDCTCA, <50% CA).

No severe cardiovascular perioperative events such as myocardial ischaemia, myocardial infarction or cardiac failure occurred in any patient in Group 1.

Conclusions: MDCTCA seems to be effective as a preoperative screening test prior to non-coronary cardiac surgery. In this era of cost containment and optimal care of patients, MDCTCA is able to provide coronary vessel and ventricular function evaluation and may become the method of choice for the assessment of a cardiovascular risk profile prior to major surgery.

Statistics from Altmetric.com

Footnotes

  • Competing interests: None declared.

  • Abbreviations:
    CA
    conventional angiography
    LAD
    left anterior descending artery
    LCX
    left circumflex artery
    LM
    left main artery
    MDCTCA
    multidetector CT coronary angiography
    RCA
    right coronary artery

Request permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.

Linked Articles