Objective: To identify risk factors for clinical-driven target lesion revascularisation (TLR) in patients treated with sirolimus-eluting (Cypher) or paclitaxel-eluting (Taxus) stents in a real-world scenario.
Design: From 1 January 2003 to 18 May 2005, all patients treated with a Cypher or Taxus stent were consecutively registered and followed for 9 months. Re-intervention was driven by clinical symptoms.
Setting: Western Denmark Heart Registry.
Patients: 4432 patients with 6102 lesions treated with a Cypher (n = 3791 lesions) or Taxus (n = 2311 lesions) stent.
Interventions: Percutaneous coronary intervention.
Main outcome measures: TLR, defined as either new percutaneous coronary intervention or coronary artery bypass graft operation of the target lesion, within 9 months from the index procedure.
Results: TLR within 9 months was performed in 2.5% of lesions treated with the Cypher stent and in 3.3% of lesions treated with the Taxus stent (OR 1.36, 95% CI 1.00 to 1.84). After adjustment by multivariate logistic regression, Taxus stent implantation was an independent predictor of TLR (OR 1.43, 95% CI 1.05 to 1.95). Implantation of >1 stent per lesion (OR 1.62, 95% CI 1.13 to 2.33) and reference diameter <2.8 mm (OR 1.42, 95% CI 1.00 to 2.02) were also identified as independent predictors of TLR.
Conclusions: These data from the registry reflect a real-world clinical scenario with operator-driven use of drug-eluting stents and symptom-driven re-intervention. In this setting, use of the Taxus stent, implantation of multiple stents per lesion and stent implantation in small vessels were independent predictors of TLR.
- DES, drug-eluting stent
- PCI, percutaneous coronary intervention
- TLR, target lesion revascularisation
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Published Online First 23 December 2006
Competing interests: None declared.