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Interventional cardiology
Pre-closure of femoral venous access sites used for large-sized sheath insertion with the Perclose device in adults undergoing cardiac intervention
  1. V S Mahadevan,
  2. S Jimeno,
  3. L N Benson,
  4. P R McLaughlin,
  5. E M Horlick
  1. Toronto General Hospital, Toronto, Canada
  1. Dr E M Horlick, Toronto General Hospital, Eaton North 6e 249, 200 Elizabeth Street, Toronto, ON M5G 2C4, Canada; eric.horlick{at}uhn.on.ca

Abstract

Background: Interventional procedures in adults with congenital cardiac conditions often require insertion of large-sized sheaths into the femoral veins. Data on the use of suture-mediated devices for femoral venous access site closure are scant and no data are available regarding venous patency after device use.

Objective: To assess the efficacy of the 6Fr Perclose (Abbott Vascular Devices, CA, USA) suture-mediated device in achieving haemostasis and venous patency after closure.

Design and setting: 146 consecutive patients (80 women, mean (SD) age 45 (14) years) undergoing closure of 205 femoral venous access sites in a tertiary cardiac centre were studied. All received heparin and were taking concomitant aspirin or clopidogrel, or both. The majority (98%) had a ⩾10Fr sheath inserted.

Results: Immediate haemostasis was achieved in 202 (99%) sites. Two patients (1.4%) had a major complication. On follow-up (111 patients, mean (SD) 71 (33) days) there was no evidence of haematoma or fistula formation. Doppler studies from a subgroup of 43 (29%) patients (mean (SD) age 45 (15) years, mean (SD) follow-up 47 (18) days) showed a common femoral venous diameter of 11.6 (2.7) mm on the device closed right and 12.2 (2.5) mm on the left vein (p>0.05). All accessed veins were patent with no pseudoaneurysm or arteriovenous fistula formation.

Conclusion: Pre-closure of large-size sheath femoral venous access sites using the suture-mediated Perclose device is efficacious in achieving rapid haemostasis in the presence of anticoagulation. Doppler follow-up shows no loss of venous patency or luminal venous diameter as compared with the contralateral side.

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Footnotes

  • Competing interests: None.

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