Article Text

PDF
Systemic disease and the heart
Effects of enzyme-replacement therapy in patients with Anderson–Fabry disease: a prospective long-term cardiac magnetic resonance imaging study
  1. M Imbriaco1,
  2. A Pisani2,
  3. L Spinelli3,
  4. A Cuocolo1,
  5. G Messalli1,
  6. E Capuano1,
  7. M Marmo1,
  8. R Liuzzi4,
  9. B Visciano2,
  10. B Cianciaruso2,
  11. M Salvatore1
  1. 1
    Department of Biomorphological and Functional Sciences, University “Federico II,” Naples, Italy
  2. 2
    Department of Nephrology, University “Federico II,” Naples, Italy
  3. 3
    Department of Clinical Medicine, Cardiovascular and Immunological Sciences, University “Federico II,” Naples, Italy
  4. 4
    Department of National Research Council (IBB-CNR), University “Federico II,” Naples, Italy
  1. Dr M Imbriaco, Via Posillipo 196, 80123, Naples, Italy; mimbriaco{at}hotmail.com

Abstract

Background: Anderson–Fabry disease is a multisystem X linked disorder of lipid metabolism frequently associated with cardiac symptoms, including left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy gradually impairing cardiac function. Evidence showing that enzyme-replacement therapy (ERT) can be effective in reducing LV hypertrophy and improving myocardial function in the long term is limited.

Objective: This study aimed to assess the long-term effects of ERT with recombinant α-galactosidase A (agalsidase beta, Fabrazyme) on LV function and myocardial signal intensity in 11 patients with Anderson–Fabry disease.

Patients: Eleven patients (eight males, three females) with varying stages of genetically confirmed Anderson–Fabry disease were examined by means of physical examination and magnetic resonance imaging before ERT with agalsidase beta at 1 mg/kg every other week (study 1) and after a mean treatment duration of 45 months (study 2).

Results: At 45 months of treatment, LV mass and LV wall thickness had significantly reduced: 188 (SD 60) g versus 153 (47) g, and 16 (4) mm versus 14 (4) mm, respectively. Furthermore, a significant reduction in myocardial T2 relaxation times was noted in all myocardial regions, that is, interventricular septum 80 (5) ms versus 66 (8) ms, apex 79 (10) ms versus 64 (10) ms, and lateral wall 80 (8) ms versus 65 (16) ms. Changes in LV ejection fraction were not significant. Amelioration of clinical symptoms was observed in all patients.

Conclusions: Long-term therapy with agalsidase beta at 1 mg/kg every 2 weeks was effective in significantly reducing LV hypertrophy, improving overall cardiac performance and ameliorating clinical symptoms in patients with Anderson–Fabry disease.

Statistics from Altmetric.com

Footnotes

  • Competing interests: None.

  • Ethics approval: Ethics approval was provided by University Federico II, Naples, Italy.

  • Patient consent: Obtained.

Request permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.