Article Text

PDF
Interventional cardiology
Pre-procedural C-reactive protein levels and clinical outcomes after percutaneous coronary interventions with and without abciximab: pooled analysis of four ISAR trials
  1. R Iijima1,
  2. R A Byrne1,
  3. G Ndrepepa1,
  4. S Braun1,
  5. J Mehilli1,
  6. P B Berger2,
  7. A Schömig1,
  8. A Kastrati1
  1. 1
    Deutsches Herzzentrum, Technische Universität, Munich, Germany
  2. 2
    Geisinger Clinic, Danville, Philadelphia, USA
  1. Dr Raisuke Iijima, Deutsches Herzzentrum, Lazarettstrasse 36, 80636 Munich, Germany; raisuke{at}live.jp

Abstract

Objective: To assess the prognostic value of the baseline C-reactive protein (CRP) level in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) after pre-treatment with 600 mg of clopidogrel and whether there is an interaction between CRP level and abciximab in terms of outcome.

Design: Pooled analysis from the ISAR-SWEET, SMART-2, ISAR-REACT and REACT-2 trials

Setting, methods: The study included 4847 patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) undergoing PCI after pre-treatment with 600 mg of clopidogrel. The primary outcome was one-year mortality. The combined incidence of death, myocardial infarction and target lesion revascularisation was the secondary outcome.

Results: Based on the median value of CRP (2.3 mg/l), patients were divided into two groups: the high-CRP group (n = 2448) and the low-CRP group (n = 2399). During one year, there were 141 deaths (5.8%) in the high-CRP group compared with 51 deaths (2.1%) in the low-CRP group (OR = 2.77, 95% CI 2.04 to 3.77; p<0.001). The incidence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) was 28% in the high-CRP group compared with 25% in the low-CRP group (OR = 1.13, 95% CI 1.01 to 1.26; p = 0.034). The Cox proportional hazards model showed that high CRP was an independent predictor of one-year mortality (hazard ratio 2.20, 95% CI 1.54 to 3.15; p<0.001 for CRP level >2.3 mg/l vs CRP level ⩽2.3 mg/l). No significant interaction was observed between CRP level and abciximab regarding one-year mortality (p = 0.08) or MACE (p = 0.68).

Conclusion: In patients with CAD undergoing PCI after pretreatment with 600 mg of clopidogrel, baseline CRP level predicts one-year mortality and MACE. Abciximab therapy did not confer any particular beneficial effect in patients with a higher inflammatory burden.

Statistics from Altmetric.com

Footnotes

  • Funding: Financial support for this study was provided by Deutsches Herzzentrum Munich, Germany.

  • Competing interests: AK has received lecture fees from Bristol-Meyers, Cordis, Lilly and Sanofi-Aventis. AS has unrestricted grant support for the Department of Cardiology he chairs from Amersham/General Electric, Bayerische Forschungsstiftung, Bristol-Meyers Squibb, Cordis, Cryocath, Guidant, Medtronic, Nycomed and Schering.

  • Ethics approval: Ethics committee approval obtained.

Request permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.