Objective To study the detection of carotid artery intima plaque in elderly hospitalised patients with hypertension and its influencing factors.
Methods Selected my hospital in the entire group of elderly hypertensive patients with a total of 328, used colour Doppler ultrasound to detect all patients’ carotid artery intima plaque and grading. Patients’ sex, age, the course of hyperpiesia, the controls of high blood pressure in the past, the smoking history, family history of hypertension, history of stroke and other messages were noted by clinical records.
Results The detection rate of carotid artery intima plaque was 77.4%. In which Class 1, Class 2 and 3 accounted for 32.0%, 36.9% and 8.5% (plague score). Use Ordered Logistic regression univariate cumulative analysis to show that male, old, poorly controlled blood pressure, longer duration of hypertension were risk factors for plaque. Multivariate analysis showed that the major risk factors for plaque were male, old age and poor control of blood pressure.
Conclusions Hypertension in the elderly patients with higher rate of carotid artery intima plaque, and male patients, old age, patients whose blood pressure was in poor control were the high-risk groups.
- intima-media thickness
- atherosclerotic plaque
- influential factors