Objective To investigate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) in Xinjiang Kazak populations, and explore the effect of metabolic syndrome on Carotid artery intima-media thickness in Kazak populations.
Methods A cross sectional study was conducted in 1610 kazak participants aged from 19 years to 98 years (mean±SD, 46.7±12; 654 men and 956 women) in Xinjiang Yili. The National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) criteria for MS were used in the study. Carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) was measured by echocardiography. According to NCEP criteria, populations were divided into MS group and non-MS group.
Results The prevalence rate of MS by the NCEP criteria Was 40.1% (44.8% in men and 36.9% in women). IMT was significantly higher in MS group than non-MS group (p<0.05).
Conclusions MS is highly prevalent in Kazak populations in Xinjiang, particularly among men. And there was a tendency of increase in IMT with increasing components of metabolic syndrome. Metabolic syndrome in Kazak populations has adverse effect on early atherosclerosis. To find out high-risk MS groups is an important measure for preventing early atherosclerosis.
Keywords Metabolic diseases, prevalence, Atheroselerosis, Intima-media-thickness