Objective To understand the current status of smoking patients at cardiology clinics in Beijng municipal Class 3A hospital, so as to target the anti-smoking intervention.
Methods During March 1–10, 2009, the patients presenting at cardiology clinics were consecutively recruited and a questionnaire survey conducted.
Results A total of 816 valid questionnaires were collected. There were 531 males and 336 females with an age range of 22–80 years old. Among these patients, 90.5% knew the fact that smoking was harmful to cardiovascular health, 67.4% non-smokers, 15.8% smokers and 15.8% quitters. The smoking rate among the patients with coronary heart disease, diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidaemia and hypertension was 28.4%, 46.7%, 50% and 73.3% respectively. The smokers consumed a median of 15 cigarettes per day. 71.8% of them did not wish to quit. Those with nicotine dependence score under 4 accounted for 64.2% and above 5 accounted for 35.8%. The quitting urge had no correlation with nicotine dependence score or cardiovascular disease categories.
Conclusion The smoking rate among the patients presenting at cardiology clinic is lower than that of general population. The smokers had a lesser urge to quit. Besides strengthening smoking-quitting interventions in coronary heart disease patients an out-patient department, cardiologist should also do so for those smokers with cardiovascular risk factors.