Objective To understand the smoking rate, distribution characteristics and quitting urge of urban and rural populations in Beijing region in 2009 so as to provide basal materials for future anti-smoking population interventions.
Methods During July–August, 2009, a questionnaire survey of stratified cluster sampling was conducted among 7421 permanent residents over 18 years old in 4 Beijing districts. The responders had an age range of 20–89 years old.
Results (1) In 2009, the smoking rate of urban and rural Beijing residents was 24.98%. The smoking rate of rural population was higher than that of urban counterpart (urban 15.41%, urban-rural 21.20% & rural 29.73%). The smoking rate was higher in males than females (57.18% vs 7.43%). (2) Overall speaking, the smoking rate was higher in those with a lower educational level than those with a higher educational level. The smoking rate tended to be different with the advancing ages in male and female populations. It increased with the advancing age in males and decreased with the advancing age in females. The magnitude of smoking rate had no obvious correlation with the undertaken occupations. (3) Analysis of anti-smoking urge: Disease prevention accounted for 52.65%, morbidity 22.57%, family objection 18.14%, environmental limitation 5.95%, promotion & education exhibition 5.75% and physician advising 3.98%. The major anti-smoking-related factors include cardiocerebrovascular sequel, diabetes, dyslipidemia and attending health workshops.
Conclusion As compared with the results of previous surveys, the smoking rate decreased slightly in the Beijing urban residents. The major aspect of smoking-quitting urge is disease prevention. And the anti-smoking education should be strenuously intensified.
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