Objective To understand the epidemiological characteristics and control levels of major chronic diseases in Beijing municipality in 2009.
Methods During July–August 2009, a questionnaire survey of stratified cluster sampling was conducted among 7421 permanent residents over 18 years old in 4 Beijing districts. The surveying method included questionnaire, physical examination and laboratory testing.
Results The rates of morbidity, awareness, medication and control for hyperlipidaemia were 53.97%, 28.05%, 13.05% and 10.03% respectively. Those for hypertension were 52.33%, 64.29%, 57.53% and 19.9% respectively. For diabetes, 13.63%, 71.23%, 68.39% and 32.73%. The morbidity rates of hypertension and diabetes increased with the advancing age, the morbidity of hyperlipidaemia decreased with the advancing age, and were all higher in the urban population than in the urban population. The rates of awareness, treatment and control for major chronic diseases were all higher in the urban population than the rural counterpart and were lower in the youth than the elders. The morbidity rates of lower extremity atherosclerosis, coronary heart disease and stroke were 11.0%, 6.0% and 4.4% respectively.
Conclusion As compared with the results of previous surveys, in both urban and rural areas, the morbidity rates of major chronic diseases increased markedly in permanent Beijing residents over 18 years old in 2009. The morbidity level of major chronic diseases remains higher in the urban population than in the rural counterpart. The youth has a markedly elevated morbidity rate of chronic diseases. The control of chronic diseases should be implemented in both urban and rural Beijing. And the focus is placed upon the young individuals.