Background Multi-vessel disease occurs in 40%–65% of patients undergoing Primary PCI for STEMI and is associated with adverse prognosis. Contemporary guidelines recommend treating the infarct related artery alone (culprit) during the urgent procedure. There is limited data comparing outcomes of complete with infarct-related artery (IRA)-only revascularisation in primary PCI for STEMI with few studies including the option of later date elective procedures for the other lesions (staged revascularisation). We therefore sought to clarify the outcome of patients with multi-vessel disease undergoing primary PCI dependent on management strategy.
Methods Clinical information was analysed from a prospective data base on 2131 STEMI patients who underwent Primary PCI between January 2004 and May 2010 at a London centre. Patients with previous CABG were excluded. Information was entered at the time of procedure and outcome assessed by all-cause mortality information provided by the Office of National Statistics via the BCIS/CCAD national audit. Patients were split into three different treatment groups: culprit vessel angioplasty-only (COR group); staged revascularisation (SR group) and simultaneous treatment of non-IRA (CR group). The primary end point used was major adverse cardiac events (MACE), defined as death, myocardial infarction (MI), stroke and target vessel revascularisation (TVR).
Results There were 963 (45%) consecutive patients with STEMI and multivessel CAD undergoing primary angioplasty. There were similar baseline characteristics between the 3 groups, aside from cardiogenic shock, which was significantly higher in the complete revascularisation group. See Abstract 19 table 1. At 30-days of follow-up, 23/263 (9%) patients in the CR group experienced at least one major adverse cardiac event (MACE), 1 (1%) in the SR group and 35 (5%) in the COR group, p=0.01. This trend continued up to 1-year of follow-up with the lowest rates of events in the SR group. However after 3 years MACE rates are significantly increased in the COR group (24%) but were similar in the CR (18%) and SR (17%) groups. See Abstract figure 1. MACE rates were driven mainly by death in the CR with high rates of TVR in the COR and SR groups. See Abstract figure 2.
Conclusions Culprit vessel-only angioplasty was associated with the highest rate of long-term MACE compared with multivessel treatment. Patients scheduled for staged revascularisation experienced a similar rate of MACE to patients undergoing complete simultaneous treatment of non-IRA.
- Primary PCI
- multivessel disease
- curprit vessel