Introduction Predicting adverse clinical outcomes in aortic stenosis is challenging. Late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) has been associated with an adverse prognosis in a range of other cardiac conditions. Using late gadolinium enhancement, we sought to assess the prognostic significance of mid-wall and infarct patterns of myocardial fibrosis in aortic stenosis.
Methods Between January 2003 and October 2008, consecutive patients with moderate or severe aortic stenosis (aortic valve area <1.5 cm2) underwent cardiovascular magnetic resonance with assessment of myocardial fibrosis by late gadolinium enhancement. Patients were categorised into absent, mid-wall or infarct patterns of late gadolinium enhancement by blinded independent observers. Patient follow-up was completed using the National Strategic Tracing Scheme.
Results 143 patients (aged 68±14 years; 97 male) were followed up for 2.0±1.4 years. 81 patients had coronary artery disease, 72 underwent aortic valve replacement and 27 died. Compared to those with no late gadolinium enhancement (n=49), univariate analysis revealed that patients with mid-wall fibrosis (n=54) had an eightfold increase in all-cause mortality despite similar aortic stenosis severity and coronary artery disease burden. Patients with an infarct pattern (n=40) had a six-fold increase. Mid-wall fibrosis (HR, 5.35 (95% CI, 1.16 to 24.56); p=0.03) and ejection fraction (HR 0.96 (95% CI, 0.94 to 0.99); p=0.01) were independent predictors of all cause mortality by multivariate analysis. Conclusion: Mid-wall fibrosis is an independent predictor of mortality in patients with moderate and severe aortic stenosis. It has incremental prognostic value to ejection fraction and may provide a useful method of risk stratification in patients with advanced disease (Abstract 169 figure 1).
- Aortic stenosis
- Cardiovascular MRI
- late gadolinium enhancement
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