Background To investigate the expression of hypertension-related genes in spontaneous hypertension.
Methods A microarray screening for hypertension-related genes was conducted in rats with spontaneous hypertension (SHR) and rats with normotensive Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) using total RNA extracted from second-order mesenteric arteries and kidneys. Then the FXYD5 mRNA expression in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) was silenced by RNA interference (RNAi). Furthermore, the proliferation, mobility and Na+-K+-ATPase activity of cell were analysed.
Results Among 10,000 genes examined, the expression of human gene homolog FXYD domain containing ion transport regulator 5 (FXYD5) was found 14.8-fold lower in SHR than that in WKY rats (p<0.01). The result of microarray assay was confirmed using quantitative real-time RT-PCR and Northern Blot. The altered FXYD5 gene expression occurred in a time- and tissue-dependent manner. The FXYD5 gene expression was highest in SHR's kidney at age of 13 weeks when the blood pressure reached the highest levels. The down-regulated FXYD5 inhibits the migration of smooth muscle cells (p<0.01) and cell membrane Na+-K+-ATPase activity (p<0.01).
Conclusions The down-regulation of FXYD5 is related to the migration of smooth muscle cells and cell membrane Na+-K+-ATPase activity in rodents. So this gene may have profound impact on the regulation of blood pressure, and therefore is likely to act as a potential target for anti-hypertensive therapy.
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