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Cardiovascular disease basic research
MicroRNA-223 prevents cardiomyocyte hypertrophy by targeting cardiac troponin I-interacting kinase
  1. Wang Yaosheng,
  2. Cheng Xiaoshu,
  3. Hong Kui,
  4. Wu Yanqing,
  5. Wu Qinghua,
  6. Su Hai
  1. Department Of Cardiology, Second Affiliated Hospital To Nanchang University, Nanchang, China

Abstract

Objectives Our study was designed to investigate the role of microRNA-223 (miR-223) and its direct target gene, cardiac troponin I-interacting kinase (TNNI3K), in regulating cardiomyocyte hypertrophy.

Methodology Neonatal rat cardiomyocytes (CMs) were cultured from one to two days old Sprague–Dawley rats. Cardiomyocyte hypertrophy was induced by endothelin-1 (ET-1). Expression of miR-223 in CMs was detected by real-time PCR. miR-223 mimics transfection was performed to achieve overexpression of miR-223 in CMs. Cell size was measured via surface area calculation under fluorescence microscopy after anti-α-actinin staining. Expression levels of ANP, α-actinin, Myh6, Myh7, as cardiac hypertrophy related marker genes, were detected by RT-PCR. The expression of TNNI3K protein was analysed by western blot. Luciferase assay was performed to confirm the direct binding of miR-223 to the 3′UTR of TNNI3K mRNA.

Results In ET-1 induced hypertrophic CMs, expression of miR-223 was lower than that in normal CMs (Normal CMs: 1.00±0.08 vs Hypertrophic CMs: 0.62±0.16, p<0.05). Under stimulation of ET-1, miR-223 overexpressed CMs showed alleviated hypertrophic phenomenon, which characterised by less cell surface area (miR-223 group: 2590±781 mm2 vs ET-1 only group: 4680±1040 mm2, p<0.01) and lower expression of ANP, α-actinin, Myh6, Myh7, when compared with ET-1 stimulation only CMs. In miR-223 overexpressed CMs, the expression of TNNI3K protein was significantly decreased (miR-223 group: 0.39±0.05 vs Control: 0.03±0.01). Co-transfection of a miR-223 expression vector with pMIR-TNNI3K led to the reduced activity of luciferase in a dual-luciferase reporter gene assay, suggesting that TNNI3K is a direct target gene of miR-223.

Conclusion All these results suggest that TNNI3K, a novel cardiac-specific kinase gene, is a direct target of miR-223. miR-223 plays a important role as suppressor in cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and could be used in clinical treatment of hypertrophy in future.

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