Article Text

PDF
Original article
An association between gestational diabetes mellitus and long-term maternal cardiovascular morbidity
  1. Roy Kessous1,
  2. Ilana Shoham-Vardi2,
  3. Gali Pariente1,
  4. Michael Sherf3,
  5. Eyal Sheiner1
  1. 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Soroka University Medical Center, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel
  2. 2Epidemiology and Health Services Evaluation, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel
  3. 3Clalit Health Services (Southern District), Faculty of Health Sciences, Soroka University Medical Center, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel
  1. Correspondence to Dr Roy Kessous, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Soroka University Medical Center, POB 151, Beer Sheva 84101, Israel; kessousr{at}bgu.ac.il

Abstract

Objective To investigate whether a diagnosis of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a risk factor for subsequent long-term cardiovascular morbidity.

Design A population-based study.

Setting Soroka University Medical Center, a tertiary centre in the southern region of Israel.

Patients A cohort of women with and without a diagnosis of GDM who delivered during the years 1988–1999 with a follow-up period until 2010.

Interventions A comparison of the incidence of cardiovascular morbidity.

Results Of 47 909 deliveries that met the inclusion criteria, 4928 (10.3%) occurred in patients who were diagnosed with GDM. During a follow-up period of more than 10 years, compared with women who gave birth at the same time period, after adjustment for age and ethnicity, patients with GDM had higher rates of cardiovascular morbidity including non-invasive cardiac diagnostic procedures (OR=1.8; 95% CI 1.4 to 2.2), simple cardiovascular events (OR=2.7; 95% CI 2.4 to 3.1) and total cardiovascular hospitalisations (OR=2.3; 95% CI 2.0 to 2.5). In a Cox proportional hazards model, adjusted for comorbidities such as pre-eclampsia and obesity, GDM was independently associated with cardiovascular hospitalisations (adjusted HR 2.6, 95% CI 2.3 to 3).

Conclusions GDM is an independent risk factor for long-term cardiovascular morbidity in a follow-up period of more than a decade.

Statistics from Altmetric.com

Request permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.