Background The success rate of radiofrequency catheter ablation of ventricular arrhythmias originating from left fibrous triangle (LFT) is not high. This article was to discuss the characteristics of sueface electrocardiogram and the strategy of ablation of ventricular arrhythmias originating from LFT.
Methods From February 2002 to March 2012, total 323 patients with outflow ventricular arrhythmias were ablated in our hospital, incluing 46 patients whose ventricular arrhythmias originated from the LFT. The mean age of the 46 patients was 44 ± 13 years (16–87 years), and 24 of them (52.2%) were male. Thirty patients had frequent premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) and 16 patients had both PVCs and nonsustained or sustained ventricular tachycardia (VT). All the patients were examined with ECG, electrophysiology, active mapping and pace mapping. The computer tomography angiogram (CTA) 3D reconstruction of coronary artery, venouswas completed in 20 patients.
Results Successful ablation was achieved in 41 of the 46 patients (89.1%, 41/46) targeting left coronary cusp (LCC, 30 patients), infra aortic valve (infra AV, 6 patients) and great cardiac vein (GCV, 5 patients). The surface ECG in all the three groups presented with inferior axis and R/S-transition in lead V1 and V2. There were no differentces in the total QRS duration in the three groups. Most of the patients presented with right bundle branch block (RBBB) morphology in infra AV group and GCV group compared with LCC group (67%, 80% vs 15%, P = 0.002). Regarding to the classification of the LFT according to CTA, the patterns of distribution were as follows: “closed” in 10 (50%, 10/20) hearts; “completely opened” in 2 (10%, 2/20); “inferiorly opened” in 5 (25%, 5/20) hearts and “superiorly opened” in 1 (5%, 1/20) hearts. In the remaining 2 (10%, 2/20), there were not any distances between cardiac vein and artery. The closest distance between the corner of the GCV and LCC is 17.6 ± 4.2 mm (9.1mm ∼ 26.3mm).
Conclusions Ventricular arrhythmias originating from the LFT can be ablated in the nadir of the LCC, infra AV and the GCV. The success rate may be impacted by the distance from the GCV and the LCC.