Objective To investigate the prevalence and distributing feature of chronic heart failure (CHF) in Xin jiang adult population.
Methods Four-stage selected random samples Maternal Age 35 and over were used to analyse the prevalence and distributing feature of self-reported congestive heart failure in different nationality, age, sex and The sampled adult population were collected 6 locality (Urumqi, Ke lamayi, Fu kang, the Turfan Basin locality, He tian locality, Yi li Hazakh autonomous prefecture) from 23 municipalities and 7 locality and 5 autonomous county in Xin jiang. The proportion of male to female accounted for 50% each.
Results A total of 8459 adults were surveyed. The prevalence of CHF was 1.26%, The prevalence of CHF was 0.89%, 1.11% and 2.14% in Han, Uygur and Hazakh population, respectively. The risk of CHF was higher in Hazakh than Han and Uygur people. 1.61% and 0.93% for the general population, the males and females, respectively. The males had CHF more frequently than the females (u = 2.79, P < 0.05). The prevalence of CHF was 0.29%, 0.60%, 1.32%, 2.55% and 4.10% in 35–44, 45–54, 55–64, 65–74, 75 and over years of age groups, respectively. Therisk of CHF increased substantially with ageing. Common complications of CHF was hypertension (63.55%), coronary heart disease (42.99%), diabetes (18.69%), valvular heart disease (5.61%) and fibrillation atrial (4.67%).
Conclusions The results of this study showed that the higher prevalence of CHF in Xinjiang. The prevalence of CHF increased substantially with ageing and difference between nationality. Investigation of prevalence and distributing feature of chronic heart failure, research the prevention and treatment of CHF among high-risk population and using proper measures of intervention to decrease the prevalence of CHF among population is necessary in Xin jiang.
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